In anatomy, the atlas (C1) is the most superior (first) cervical vertebra of the spine and is located in the neck . It is named for the Atlas of Greek mythology, because it supports the globe of the head which is the skull. The atlas and axis are specialized to allow a greater range of motion than normal vertebrae.
The atlas and axis vertebrae are the two most superior bones in the vertebral column, and they are part of the seven cervical vertebrae. The atlas is the top-most bone, sitting just below the skull; it is followed by the axis. Together, they support the skull, facilitate neck movement, and protect the spinal cord.
what kind of bone is the Atlas? The atlas is one of the two upper cervical vertebrae, also known as C1, which is the topmost vertebra of the spinal column. It is the vertebra that is in contact with the occipital bone, a flat bone located at the back portion of the head.
Just so, what is the difference between Atlas and Axis?
The main difference between atlas and axis vertebrae is that atlas is the first cervical vertebra, which supports the skull whereas axis is the second cervical vertebra, which forms the pivot upon the atlas. Furthermore, atlas help to hold the head upright while axis allows the head to turn side to side.
What muscles attach to the atlas?
C1 Physiology Of these muscles, the longus colli muscle inserts at the anterior tubercle of the atlas and the rectus capitis posterior muscle arises from the posterior tubercle. Lateral flexion, or rotating the head from side to side, requires pivoting of the skull and atlas at the atlanto-axial joint.
Why is c2 called axis?
C2 (cervical vertebra): C2 is the symbol for the second cervical vertebra, which is also called the axis. It is so-named because the uppermost cervical vertebra (called the atlas) rotates about the odontoid process of the second cervical vertebra. The Latin word “axis” means axle or pole.
What feature is unique to the axis?
One of the most prominent features of the axis bone is a superior, tooth-like projection called the odontoid process (or dens). articulates with the anterior arch of the atlas bone, where they form a pivot joint. rotates side-to-side, the atlas bone rotates around the peg-like odontoid process.
Is c2 an axis?
In anatomy, the second cervical vertebra (C2) of the spine is named the axis (from Latin axis, “axle”) or epistropheus. By the atlanto-axial joint, it forms the pivot upon which the first cervical vertebra (the atlas), which carries the head, rotates.
What nerves are affected by c1 and c2?
C1, C2, and C3 (the first three cervical nerves) help control the head and neck, including movements forward, backward, and to the sides. The C2 dermatome handles sensation for the upper part of the head, and the C3 dermatome covers the side of the face and back of the head.
What is the function of the Axis?
The axis, also known as the C2 bone, creates a pivot that allows the C1, or atlas, to rotate. This action gives the head and neck a greater range of motion from side to side.
What is the Atlas axis?
The atlas is the first cervical (neck) vertebra which is just under the head; it is named for Atlas, the Greek god who supported the world on his shoulders. The axis is the second cervical vertebra; it has what is called the odontoid process about which the atlas rotates.
Which bone is called Yes bone?
✌?✌? hey, ➡?Atlas bone is also called Yes bone because it is responsible for the yes movement that we can do..
What is an Atlas Chiropractic?
Atlas Orthogonal Technique is a system of adjusting subluxations of the cervical spine by means of its uppermost vertebra (C1, also known as the “atlas”). A Board Certified Atlas Orthogonal Doctor of Chiropractic uses specific x-ray views to determine the extent and direction of spinal misalignment.
What joint is between the atlas and axis?
What does the Atlas articulate with?
Articulations. Superiorly the atlas articulates with the occiput to form the Atlanto-occipital joint which allows the head to nod up and down on the vertebral column. Inferiorly the atlas articulates with the dens which acts as a pivot that allows the atlas and attached head to rotate on the axis.
What is a pivot joint?
Pivot joint, also called rotary joint, or trochoid joint, in vertebrate anatomy, a freely moveable joint (diarthrosis) that allows only rotary movement around a single axis. The moving bone rotates within a ring that is formed from a second bone and adjoining ligament.
What is your neck joint called?
The pivot joint in your neck allows you to turn your head from side to side.
What is special about the second cervical vertebra called the Axis?
Vertebra, second cervical: The second cervical vertebra is called the axis. It is so-named because the uppermost cervical vertebra (called the atlas) rotates about the odontoid process of the second cervical vertebra. The joint between the axis and atlas is a pivot type of joint. It allows the head turn.
Is the neck considered a joint?
Pivot joints are found in your neck vertebrae, while hinge joints are located in your elbows, fingers, and knees.